Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infection caused by bacteria. The disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks through their saliva. Usually, the tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours before the bacteria can spread. Most infections are caused by ticks in the nymphal stage, because they are very small and thus may feed for long periods of time undetected. It is estimated to affect about 300,000 people a year in North America and 65,000 people a year in Europe. Infections are most common in the spring and early summer. Lyme disease was diagnosed as a separate condition for the first time in 1975 in Old Lyme, Connecticut as it was originally mistaken for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Dr. Taylor diagnosed the first case of Lyme’s Disease in Columbus. GA in the mid 1980’s.